Landscapes and Livelihoods at Risk
Comprising roughly 3 million hectares, the northern rangelands cover the heart of Tanzania’s Great Rift Valley, spanning across some of Africa’s most recognized landscapes – Tarangire and Lake Manyara National Parks, Lake Natron and the Simanjiro Plains. The savannah rangelands support the livelihoods of resident pastoralists as well as small groups of unique hunter-gatherer communities such as the Hadzabe and Akie. These grasslands are central to the regional economy, and are ecologically significant to migratory wildlife.
Today, increased pressures such as human population growth, competing land use interests and resource limitations are threatening this landscape and the people and wildlife that depend on it. Insecure land and resource rights and weak local governance institutions are fueling the problem. Farmland is rapidly replacing and fragmenting rangeland, resulting in pastoralists and hunter gatherers as well as wildlife losing access to the land and resources they depend on. Livelihoods, cultures and biodiversity are being degraded and lost, with serious implications for the tourism industry as well as the livestock sector, both of which depend on the continued coexistence of people, wildlife, and cattle in these rangelands.
The Northern Tanzania Rangelands Initiative (NTRI) is a collaborative effort comprised of multiple, diverse organizations, which seeks to reverse current trends and permanently protect this landscape, for the benefit of people and nature.